Hump World War II Museum

Hump World War II Museum

A critical Allied transport route from WW2

The Hump Museum is a dedicated institution in Pasighat, East Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh, commemorating the Allied airmen who flew over "The Hump," a perilous air route over the eastern Himalayas, during World War II.


  • The museum features information on the history of the route, the airmen, and the aircraft that did not survive the journey.
  • Exhibits include personal letters and relics from US airmen.
  • It stands as a testament to the Allied effort in the region and serves to educate visitors about the significant contribution of these flights, which carried essential supplies and military equipment despite the dangers.
  • The museum also aims to facilitate further exploration of the region where remnants of WWII aircraft are still believed to exist.

Why is it called "The Hump"?

  • The Hump air route passes over Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tibet, Myanmar and Yunnan (China).
  • The route was nicknamed ‘The Hump’ because of the altitude of the Eastern Himalayas.
  • The Hump route was an unlikely route for regular flight operations due to high terrain and extremely severe weather.
    • The aircraft had to navigate deep gorges and mountains rising beyond 10,000 feet.
    • It crossed a north-south route over the Himalayan foothills and finally to the mountains, between north Burma and west China, airspace where turbulence and abominable weather conditions were common. 
  • During World War II, the Allied Forces led by the United States flew supplies over the Himalayas.
  • It was a critical transport route during WWII after the Burma Road was blocked by Japanese forces.

The Hump Museum stands as a tribute to the aviators who navigated the perilous air route and serves to educate visitors about the significant contribution of these flights during World War II.

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