Prelims Daily MCQs - Art and Culture + Ancient + Medieval History (8 May)

1. Which of the following are correctly matched?

  1. Lepakshi Temple – Hanging Pillar
  2. Vittala Temple – Musical Pillars
  3. Virupaksha Temple – 1000 Pillars

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans: a

Exp: Rudreshwara Swamy Temple is a historic Hindu temple located in the town of Hanamkonda, Telangana which is known for 1000 Pillars. Pair 1st and 3rd are correctly matched.

2. Sariputta, Moggallanna are related to

a) Jainism

b) Ajivika

c) Buddhism

d) Shaivism

Ans: c

Exp: Sariputta and Moggallana (also called Maha Moggallana) were the two chief disciples of the Buddha, often stylized as the right hand and left hand disciples of the Buddha respectively.

3. The places Guntapalle and Pitalkhora are famous for

a) Ancient temples

b) Archaeological excavations

c) Buddhist caves

d) Trade centres

Ans: c

Exp: The Guntupalle or Guntupalli Group of Buddhist Monuments is located near Kamavarapukota, Eluru district, in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is around 40 km away from Eluru. The rock-cut part of the site has two Buddhist caves, a chaitya hall and a large group of stupas. The chaitya hall has a rare carved stone entrance replicating wooden architecture, a simpler version of that at the Lomas Rishi Cave. The Pitalkhora Caves, in the Satmala range of the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India, are an ancient Buddhist site consisting of 14 rock-cut cave monuments which date back to the third century BCE, making them one of the earliest examples of rock-cut architecture in India.

4. Which of the following Rulers was known as ‘Amitrochates/Amitragatha’ to Greeks which means ‘slayer of enemies’.

a) Ashoka

b) Chandragupta Maurya

c) Dhanananda

d) Bindusara

Ans: d

Exp: Bindusara, also called Bindusara Maurya, Greek Amitrochates, (born c. 320 bce—died 272/3 bce), second Mauryan emperor, who ascended the throne about 297 bce. Greek sources refer to him as Amitrochates, Greek for the Sanskrit Amitraghata (“destroyer of foes”).

5. Consider the following statements regarding the state of women in the Sangam period.

  1. Avvaiyar, Nachchellaiyar were major women poets of this period.
  2. Karpu (chaste life) was considered as the highest virtue of women.
  3. Sati was prevalent in the higher strata of the society.
  4. Love marriage was a common practice.

Choose the correct statements.

a) 1, 2 and 4

b) 1, 2 and 3

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans: d

Exp: While life of women in general was quite good, the condition of widows was miserable, hence instances of practice of Sati have been recorded.

6. In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the other candidate got, was :

a) 2600

b) 2700

c) 2800

d) 2900

Ans: b

Exp: Total number of votes = 7500

Given that 20% of Percentage votes were invalid = Valid votes = 80%

Total valid votes = 7500*(80/100)

1st candidate got 55% of the total valid votes.

Hence the 2nd candidate should have got 45% of the total valid votes  = Valid votes that

2nd candidate got = total valid votes x (45/100)

= 7500*(80/100)*(45/100) = 2700

7. Let p be a two-digit number and q be the number consisting of the same digits written in reverse order. If p x q = 1855, then what is the difference between q and p?

a) 12

b) 14

c) 16

d) 18

Ans: d

Exp: p is a two-digit number, and q is the number consisting of the same digits in the reverse order. It’s given that, p × q = 1855

The last digit of the product is 5, which indicates that one two of the digits must be 5.

Let the remaining digit be x.

So, p = x5 = x × 10 + 5 = 10x + 5

Reverse number, q = 5x = 5 × 10 + x = 50 + x According to the question,

(10x + 5) × (50 + x) = 1855

Or 500x + 10x2 + 250 + 5x = 1855

Or 10x2 + 505x – 1605 = 0

Or 2x2 + 101x – 321 = 0

Solving this we get

x= 3;

So P = 35 and

Q = 53.

Required difference = 55– 35 = 18

Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.

Previous Post

Next Post