Sociology Daily Answer Writing (03-10-2022)

Socio Daily Writing

Sociology and its relationship with Economics and Political Science. | Sociology and Common Sense


Questions

  1. Write a short note on Sociology and its relationship with Economics and Political Science.           20
  2. Clarify the correlation between Common Sense and Sociology.   10

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Model Solutions

2. Clarify the correlation between Common Sense and Sociology. 10

Model Structure
Introduction

  • Definition of Sociology
  • Sociology - the mother of all social science

Main Body
1. Sociology and Economics

  • Define Economics
  • Divergence between the two -
    • Scope of Study (society vs. utilization of resources)
    • Types of Research methods
    • Focus of the subject
    • Sociology have emerged relatively recently
  • Convergence between the two -
    • Marx - MoP, Economic Base structure
    • Weber - Spirit of Protestant ethic and Rise of capitalism
    • Durkheim - Division of Labour
    • Origin of caste can be analysed by studying economic DoL in Jajmani system
    • Current Examples -
      • Budgetary allocation for social development
      • Amartya Sen's capability approach

2. Sociology and Political Science-

  • Define of Political Science
  • Divergence between the two -
    • Scope of Study - (Society vs State)
    • Types of Research methods
    • Subject matter (codified, related to power in Pol Science; Open-ended, stresses interrelation of social institutions in Sociology)
    • Focus of the subject - (Social actions vs Power)
    • Sociology have emerged relatively recently
  • Convergence between the two -
    • Sociological investigation for policy forming
    • Max Weber developed sociological theory of authority and power in his study on Bureaucracy
    • Sociological analysis of voting pattern, Identity politics
    • Morris Ginsberg- Historically sociology has its roots in politics and Philosophy of History.
    • Sociological concepts such as religion, caste, ethnicity, etc used for political mobilisation. Eg. Maratha agitations in Maharashtra
    • C.W. Mills, Immanuel Wallerstein
    • Indian Context - M.N.Srinivas Dominant caste, Rajni Kothari
  • Current Examples -
    • Study of caste identity in politics (AJGAR, Muslim-Yadav Vote banks, etc)
    • Issue of tribal autonomy
      Conclusion
  • Scope of the disciplines evolve with time and mutually reinforcing each other, to flourish together

2. Clarify the correlation between Common Sense and Sociology. 10

Model Structure
Introduction

  • Define Common sense and Sociology

Main Body
Compare and contrast the both

  • Sociology- Not Common Sense (common sense vs sociology)
    • Nature of findings: Cues from surface Vs Looking out for interconnectedness
    • Nature of Observations: Assumptions, individualistic, culturally determined Vs Organized skepticism, tested thoughts.
    • Orientation: Status-quoist, unreflective Vs Change oriented and reflective
    • Positivist argues that common sense and sociology is different
  • Sociology- Common Sense (Similarities between them -Moore & Reid)
    • Concepts in sociology been framed by taking common sense knowledge into consideration
    • Common sense helps in building sociological hypotheses.
    • It also provides raw material for sociological investigation
    • Non-positivists (phenomenology, ethnomethodology) consider common sense as a part of sociology.

Conclusion:

  • At first, it was rejected by positivists like Durkheim; Some see it as complementary;
  • Post-modernist see sociological knowledge as no superior to common sense.
  • Thus, the relation between sociology and common sense is dynamic and even mutually reinforcing at times.

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