Education in Ancient India

UPSC Basics

Nalanda University

  • Founder: Kumargupta
  • Famous students
    • Aryabhatta
    • Chinese Pilgrims Huien Tsang and Fa-Hien
  • All sects of Buddhism flourished here. i.e. Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana
  • The monastic university of Nalanda is a maha vihara as it is a complex of several monasteries of various sizes

Taxila University

  • It was one of the ancient world‘s first international university
  • Situated strategically on a branch of the Silk Road that linked China to the West
  • TakshaShila was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980 and is located near Rawalpindi in modern-day Pakistan.
  • Famous students or teachers
    • Charaka
    • Panini
    • Chanakya (Kautilya)- teacher
    • Chandragupta Maurya
    • Jivika

Vikramshila University

  • Founder: Dharmpala
  • Vajrayana Buddhism flourished here
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