Important Battles in Indian History

Important Battles in Indian History

UPSC Basics

Curated List of Landmark battles in Indian world history.


Battles has been an important factor in creating states and empires throughout history and, equally so, in destroying them. Major advances in science, technology, and engineering have been brought about through necessity during times of war/battles. In UPSC preparation, you must be aware of some such landmark battles in Indian and world history. Here is a curated list of important battles -






Battle
Year
Location
Fought Between
Conclusion/Result
Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum)
327-26 BC

Alexander invades India. Defeats Porus.
Conquest of the Nanda Empire
321-320 BC

Dhana nanda vs Chandragupta Maurya
Conquest of the Nanda Empire under Dhana Nanda by a force under Chandragupta Maurya
The Seleucid–Mauryan War
303 BC

Chandragupta Maurya defeats the Greek King Seleucus.
The Kalinga War
262 BC

Ashoka vs. Kalinga empire
Conquest of Kalinga by Ashoka. The Kalinga War prompted Ashoka to devote the rest of his life to ahimsa (non-violence) and to dharma-Vijaya (victory through dharma). After the conquest of Kalinga, Ashoka ended the military expansion of the empire and began an era peace, harmony, and prosperity. 
Battle of Tarai 1
1191

Muhammad Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj won
Battle of Tarai 2
1192

Ghori won, PC killed, Ghori established first Muslim kingdom in India
1st Battle of Panipat
1526

Ibrahim Lodi vs. Babur
Babur won, end of Delhi Sultanate
Battle of Chausa
1539

Humayun and Sher Shah Sur
Sher shah sur won
Battle of Baligram
1540

2nd Battle of Panipat
1556

Akbar vs Hemu
Akbar won
Battle of Tailkota
or Battle of Rakasa-Thangadi or
Battle of Bannihati
1565

Vijaynagara (Ram raya) vs combined forces of Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, Bidar, and Golkonda
Defeat of Ram Raya. Considered as the end of Vijayanagar Empire (though kingdom existed another century under Aravidu dynasty)
Battle of Haldighati
1576

Rana Pratap vs Mughal led by Man Singh
Rana Pratap severely defeated
(during Akbar's reign)
Battle of Dharmat
1658

Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh
Part of succession war of Shah Jahan's sons
Treaty of Purandar
1665

Shivaji Maharaj vs. Jaya singh
Jaya singh defeated Shivaji Maharaj. Treaty of Purandar - major setback for Maratha kingdom. 23 Forts handed over to Mughals.
Battle of Karnal
1739
Near Delhi
Nader Shah of Persia and Muhammad Shah (Mughal)
Nader won in 3 hrs. Captured Delhi --> Already declining Mughal dynasty was critically weakened to such an extent as to hasten its demise.
Kohinoor diamond taken away by Nader
First Carnatic War
1746-48


Ended with Treaty of Aix-La Chapelle - ending the Austrian War of Succession.
Second Carnatic War
1749-54


Inconclusive
Third Carnatic War or the Battle of Wandiwash
1758-63


Ended with the Treaty of Peace of Paris (1763). English became the supreme European power in the Indian subcontinent.
Battle of Plassey
1757

East India Company (EIC) headed by Robert Clive vs. the Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-Ud-Daulah)
EIC won. Historic turning point for British in India; it established political and military supremacy of British in Bengal.
3rd Battle of Panipat
1761

Maratha vs. Ahmed Shah Abdali
Marathas defeated by Abdali.
Battle of Buxar
1764

British East India Company (led by Hector Munro) vs the combined armies of Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal); Shuja-ud-Daulah (Nawab of Awadh); and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II
English won. Treaty of Allahabad, 1765 - Established British supremacy in North India. British defeated Mughal empire - landmark event!
1st Anglo-Maratha War
1780s


Inconclusive. 20 years peace.
Treaty of Salbai.
2nd Anglo-Maratha




3rd Anglo-Maratha




Battle of Kangla Tongbi (Battle of Lion Box)
1944
Imphal, Manipur
Ordnance personnel of 221 Advance Ordnance Depot (AOD) against Japanese forces
It is considered one of the fiercest battles of World War II.
Japanese to withdraw

*Note - The list will be updated with more details. Keep visiting!


Previous Post