Previse 2024: Indian Military Bases

Previse 2024: Indian Military Bases

Strategically Important | India's Military Footprint | Regional Dynamics

Table of contents

Today, we delve into the heart of India's defence apparatus – its military bases. We'll explore ten key installations and their strategic significance, along with a sneak peek at India's military presence in its immediate neighbourhood.

Indian Military Bases | | UPSC

North Agalega Island 

Coastal surveillance radar system.


  • Agalega Island is a remote archipelago in the Indian Ocean approximately 1,100 kilometers north of Mauritius.
  • India has a military base on North Agalega Island with a coastal surveillance radar system.
  • Apart from it, a new airstrip and St. James Jetty was inaugurated in the country's outer Agaléga Island.

Northern Madagascar

Listening post.


  • It is India’s first foreign listening post cum monitoring station set up in northern Madagascar.
  • It is part of the Indian Navy's strategy to protect the country's sea lanes of communication.
  • It comprises radars and surveillance gear to intercept maritime communication.
  • The station will monitor piracy, terrorism and counter the growing Chinese influence in the Indian Ocean Region.

Haa Dzong, Western Bhutan

Military Training base.


  • The Indian Military Training Team base is located at Haa Dzong in Western Bhutan.
  • It is a training mission of the Indian army responsible for training of the Royal Bhutan Army and the Royal Bodyguard of Bhutan.
  • It is the oldest training team sent outside India to a friendly foreign nation.

Chabahar Port, Iran


  • Chabahar Port is located in the Sistan and Baluchestan province in Southeast Iran, on the Gulf of Oman.  
  • It is geopolitically significant for boosting trade ties and diplomatic ties with Iran, and provides better connectivity to Afghanistan bypassing Pakistan.
  • The port is a gateway to the International North-South Transport Corridor, which connects Europe, Central Asia, Russia, Iran, and India.
  • It is located near the Gwadar port in Pakistan, which is operated by China.

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Air Base, Mattala


  • India will have a 70% stake in the joint venture to revamp and run Sri Lanka’s loss-making Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport in Hambantota.
  • Called as the ‘world’s emptiest airport’, India proposed a flying school and a maintenance hub at Mattala airport.
  • India has clear strategic interest in running the airport which is located near the China-controlled port in Hambantota.  

Air Force Base, Surkhet  


  • Surkhet air base is close to the tri-junction of Kalapani, where China, India and Nepali share boundaries.
  •  It has strategic importance and can be useful during war with China.

Base at Duqm, Ras al Hadd

The Ras-al-Hadd has a Listening Post.


  • For counter piracy measures, India has a listening post at Ras al Hadd and berthing rights at Muscat naval base in Oman.
  • The listening post is located across the Arabian Sea from Pakistan which collaborates with an interception post in the far north of Madagascar.
  • Duqm port provides access to the Gulf of Oman, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Arabian Sea.

Assumption Island

It is a naval base operation project.


  • The Indian Navy will lease the island for 30 years to operate a naval base and airstrip.
  • Being financed entirely by India, the military personnel will be permitted on the ground.
  • However, Seychelles retains full sovereign rights and ownership of the facilities.
  • The use of military facilities will be suspended if India is at war.

Farkhor Air Base, Tajikistan


  • It is a military air base near the town of Farkhor in Tajikistan and is operated by the Indian Air Force in collaboration with the Tajik Air Force.
  • India’s role in Farkhor started with its extensive support to the anti-Taliban Afghan Northern Alliance.
  • The Air Base became fully operational in 2006, and India has stationed MiG-29 fighters and trainer aircraft there.
  • Farkhor is India’s first military base outside its territory.
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