This is a comprehensive list of ancient and medieval literature and the authors of those pieces. Useful for UPSC Prelims prep and can also be used for supporting your arguments in Art & Culture questions in Mains.
Jain cosmological text. Contains oldest known mention of zero and the decimal system.
Begum Rokeya. A feminist utopian novel. 1910s
Somadeva. Shaivaite who collected Indian legends.
Vasavadatta. Sanskrit play in 6 parts.
Brahmagupta. Introduced negative numbers and operations on zero.
Kalhana. History of Kings of Kashmir. 12th century.
Banabhatta. Sanskrit prose.
Harshavardhana. About a princess named Ratnavali. Contains the first textual reference to Holi.
Harshavardhana. Jimutavahana's self sacrifice to save the nagas.
Krishnadeva Raya. Epic Poem in Telugu. Extolling the ideal king. About the marriage of said king with Andal (the alvar poetess)
Krishnadeva Raya. Writtening in sanzkrit.
Vishakhadatta. Rise of CGM.
Asvaghosa. 4th Buddhist Council.
Botany and Chemistry. Charaka was at the court of Kanishka.
Vagbhata. Summary of 8 branches of medicine. Last of the medical trio.
Tolkappiyar. Grammar and poetics
Thiruvalluvar. Philosophy and maxims.
Collection of Alvar hymns a.k.a. Tamil Veda.
Collection of Nayanar hymns.
Illango Adigal. Story of Kannagi and Kovalan #1 of Panchkavyams. First mention of puppetry.
Sittalai Sattanar. Story of the daughter of Kovalan and Madhavi #2
Jain religious epic in Tamil #3
Jain religious epic in Tamil #4
Buddhist religious epic in Tamil #5
Varamihira. 500CE Astronomical text.
Panini. Sanskrit grammar.
Katyayana. Explained Panini's work.
Patanjali. Yoga school of philosophy.
Patanjali. Sanskrit grammar, based on Katyayana and Panini's works.
Sudraka. Story of Charudatta and Vasantasena.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. Bengali grammar.
Buddhist literature. Conversations of Nagasena and Bactrian King Milinda.
Amoghavarsha. Kannada. Rashtrakuta Emperor. 7th century CE. Ashoka of the South.
Adil Shah II. Songs in praise of Hindu deities and Muslim saints.
Harisena. Court poet of Samudragupta in sanskrit.
Rudradaman. 2nd century CE. Earliest written sanskrit.
Abdul Hamid Lahori. Reign of Shah Jahan.
Mirza Muhammad Kazim.
Stree purush tulna
Hala. Prakrit lit of 700 verses.
Dipavamsa + Mahavamsa
Buddhist chronicles from Ceylon
Nandivarman II. Translation of Mahabharata.
Tarikh i Firoz Shahi
Khazain al Futuh
Khusrau. Alaudin Khilji's conquests.
Khusrau, Rise of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.
Kitab ul Hind
Hathigumpha inscription - Kharavela of Kalinga's inscription from 1st century BCE.
Dhauli inscriptions of Asoka - have an elephant carved at the back. Near Bhubaneshwar
Nashik inscription - Gotamiputra Satakarani's exploits by his mom.
Rabatak inscription - Kanishka's time.
Pugalur inscription - Refers to three generation of Chera rulers. 1st Century CE.
Allahabad pillar inscription - Sumdragupta's conquests of Southern kingdoms.
Aihole inscription - Pulakesin II defeats Harsha.
Srirangam Copper Plate inscriptions - Devaraya II of Vijayanagara.
Iron pillar inscription - Chandragupta II.