1. Consider the following statements regarding the President of India:
- Only occasion on which the election of President went to the second round was in 1969 when N.S. Reddy was elected as the President.
- Voting in the Presidential election has not entered the third round ever.
- N.S. Reddy was the only President elected unopposed.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) 1, 2 and 3
Exp: The correct option is (b) 2 and 3.
Statement 1 is incorrect. In the Presidential election of 1969, V.V. Giri was elected as the President in the second round of voting.
Statement 2 is correct. The Presidential election has never entered the third round in India.
Statement 3 is correct. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the only President to be elected unopposed. This happened in 1977 when he was elected to the highest office in India without any opposition.
2. Consider following statements regarding the Council of Ministers of India:
- As per the Constitution, the total number of Ministers cannot be more than 15% of the Lok Sabha.
- The word ‘cabinet’ is mentioned in the Constitution of India.
- ‘Cabinet Minister’ and ‘Minister of State’ are not defined in the Constitution of India.
Which of the above statements are correct:
a) 1 and 2
b) 3 only
c) 1 and 3
d) 1, 2 and 3
Exp: The correct option is (d) 1, 2 and 3.
Statement 1 is correct. As per the Constitution of India, the total number of Ministers in the Council of Ministers cannot exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. However, this limit does not apply to the number of Ministers of State.
Statement 2 is correct. The word 'cabinet' is mentioned in Art 352 of the Constitution of India. It was inserted by the 44th Amendment.
Statement 3 is correct. The terms 'Cabinet Minister' and 'Minister of State' are not defined in the Constitution of India. These terms are used to denote the rank of a Minister in the Council of Ministers. The Cabinet Ministers are senior Ministers who are usually in charge of important Ministries, while the Ministers of State are junior Ministers who assist the Cabinet Ministers.
3. Consider the following
- The Indian Constitution provides for the appointment of ‘Adhoc Judges’ in Spreme Court and High Courts.
- The President can appoint a judge of a High Court as an ad hoc Supreme Court judge for a limited time.
Which of the above-mentioned statement/s is/are true?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Ad hoc Judge
Statements 2 is incorrect: Article 127 of the Constitution suggests that when a quorum of permanent judges is required to hold or continue a Supreme Court session, the Chief Justice of India can appoint a judge of a High Court as an ad hoc Supreme Court judge for a limited time.
Statement 1 is incorrect: There’s no provision for appointong ‘Adhoc Judge’ in High Courts.
- He/she can only do so after consulting with the chief justice of the High Court in question and receiving the President's prior approval.
- The judge chosen for this position should be qualified to serve on the Supreme Court.
- It is the obligation of the judge thus appointed to attend Supreme Court sittings first and foremost, above his other responsibilities.
While doing so, he has all of the authority, powers, and benefits (as well as the responsibilities) of a Supreme Court judge.
4. Which of the following is NOT correct regarding writ jurisdiction?
a) The President can suspend the right to move any court for the enforcement of the fundamental rights during a national emergency.
b) The writ jurisdiction of both the high court and the Supreme Court constitute a part of the basic structure of the Constitution.
c) The writ jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is greater than that of the High Courts.
d) The high court can issue writs outside its territorial jurisdiction.
Article 32 of the Constitution (Right to Constitutional Remedies): It is a fundamental right, which states that individuals have the right to approach the Supreme Court (SC) seeking enforcement of other fundamental rights recognised by the Constitution.
The right to move the SC shall not be suspended except as otherwise provided for by the Constitution. Thus, the Constitution provides that the President can suspend the right to move any court for the enforcement of the fundamental rights during a national emergency (Article 359).
In the Chandra Kumar case (1997), the SC ruled that the writ jurisdiction of both the high court and the Supreme Court constitute a part of the basic structure of the Constitution.
Articles 226 vests the High Courts with the power to issue writs in case of both - legal and fundamental rights. However, despite being the apex court, the Supreme Court only issues writs in cases related to fundamental rights. Hence, the writ jurisdiction of the High Courts is greater than that of the Supreme Court.
5. Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India are taken from the British Constitution?
- Post of Vice-President
- Single Citizenship
- Office of governor
- Concurrent List
- Parliamentary privileges
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a) 1, 2 and 4 only
b) 2, 3 and 4 only
c) 2 and 5 only
d) 1, 3 and 5 only
Single citizenship and parliamentary privileges are the features borrowed from the British constitution. Post of vice president is taken from the US constitution.
6. Manisha in the Geography final exam got twice as many sums wrong as she got right. If she attempted 48 sums in all, how many did she solve correctly?
Suppose Manisha got x sums right and 2x sums wrong.
Then, x + 2x = 48
3x = 48
x = 16.
7. In how many ways ‘RECEPTION’ can be written so that vowels and consonants come alternately?
Ans: c 2880
5 consonants + 4 vowels =5! × 4!
Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.