1. Which of the following relates to the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution?
- Maternity relief
- Healthy development of children
- Promoting fisheries
- Minimise the inequalities in income
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1, 2 and 3 only
b) 2 and 4 only
c) 1, 2 and 4 only
d) 1, 3 and 4 only
Exp: Statement 3 is incorrect: There is no mention of fisheries in DPSP. However, it does mention the organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry. Art 42 contains Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is enshrined in Part-IV (Article 36 to 51) of the constitution.
2. In the context of the Censure Motion, which one of the statements is not correct?
a) It can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
b) It can be moved against a minister or the entire council of ministers.
c) If the motion is passed, the government need not resign.
d) Prior permission of the Speaker is required to move a censure motion.
Exp: Statement d is incorrect: Speaker's permission is not required to move a Censure Motion. A censure means an expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism. It can be a stern rebuke by a legislature, generally opposition against the policies of the Government or an individual minister. However, it can also be passed to criticise, condemn some acts.
3. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Basic Structure of the Constitution’:
- It is about respecting the letter of the Constitution more than the spirit.
- It is an invention of the Indian Judiciary.
- The doctrine of basic structure was invented in the ‘Minerva Mills Case (1980) for the first time.
Which of the above statement/s is/are incorrect?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Exp: Statement 1 is incorrect: The Judiciary, in its famous Kesavananda ruling, turned to the spirit of the Constitution rather than its letter.
Statement 2 is correct: In the Indian Constitution, there is no mention of the term ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution. In this sense, the ‘basic structure’ theory is the invention of the Judiciary. The Court concluded that in reading a text or document, we must respect the intent behind that document. A mere text of the law is less important than the social circumstances and aspirations that have produced that law or document.
Statement 3 is incorrect: After the Supreme Court gave the ruling in the Kesavananda case some attempts were made by the Executive organ asking the Court to reconsider its ruling. When these failed, the 42nd amendment 1976 was made to the Constitution and parliamentary supremacy was asserted. But the Court again repeated its earlier stand in the Minerva Mills case (1980). Thus, the first time the doctrine of basic structure was invented in Kesavananda Bharati Case 1973 and not Minerva Mills Case (1980).
4. Right to be forgotten is a-
a) Constitutional right
b) Fundamental right
c) Statutory right
d) Not yet declared a right in India
Exp- Right to be forgotten involves removal of personal information which was made public, from the internet, websites and other online platforms. It is not an absolute right and its origin can be seen in the ‘right to oblivion’ of the France justice system. In the K.S Puttaswamy case, the Supreme Court called the Right to be forgotten as part of the right to life under article 21 of the constitution. But it also said that this right is subjected to certain reasonable restrictions.
5. Consider the following statements regarding Lok Sabha.
- Lok Sabha has a normal term of 5 years, after which it automatically dissolves.
- Once the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the completion of its normal tenure, the dissolution is irrevocable.
- Revocation of National Emergency is the exclusive power of Lok Sabha.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Exp: The dissolution of the Lok Sabha may take place in either of two ways:
- Automatic dissolution, that is, on the expiry of its tenure of five years or the terms as extended during a national emergency; or
- Whenever the President decides to dissolve the House, which s/he is authorized to do. Once the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the completion of its normal tenure, the dissolution is irrevocable.
A proclamation of emergency may be revoked by the President at any time by a subsequent proclamation. Such a proclamation does not require parliamentary approval. Further, the President must revoke a proclamation if the Lok Sabha passes a resolution disapproving its continuation.
6. When a number is subtracted from the numbers 6, 10 and 18, the remainders are in continued proportion. Find the number.
6 - x / 10 - x = 10 - x / 18 - x
(6 - x) (18 - x) = (10 - x) (10 - x )
108 - 6x - 18x + x2 = 100 - 10x - 10x + x2
4x = 8
x = 2
7. The 4th and 7th terms of an arithmetic progression are 11 and -4, respectively. What is the 15th term?
AP = a + (n - 1)d
where a is the first term; d is the difference
Given that the 4th term of AP is 11,
a + (4 - 1)d = 11
a + 3d = 11 .....(1)
Also given that 7th term of AP is -4,
a + (7 - 1)d = -4
a + 6d = -4 .....(2)
On solving (1) and (2),
a = 26; d = -5
Therefore, 15th term = a + (15 - 1)d
= 26 + 14(-5)
= 26 - 70
Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.