1. OBCs are the communities other than SC and ST who suffer from educational and social backwardness.
- Karpoori Thakur, was a pioneer in raising voice for reservations for backward castes in North India.
- The Mandal Commission was the first Backward Class Commission since Independence, appointed by the Central Government.
- The decision to implement the Mandal Commission recommendation was challenged in the Supreme Court in the famous ‘S R Bommai Case’.
Choose the correct statement/s in this regard.
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) 1 only
Exp: Statement 1 is correct: Karpoori Thakur, was a pioneer in raising voice for reservations for backward castes in North India.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Mandal Commission was the second Backward Class Commission since Independence.
Statement 3 is incorrect: It was ‘Indira Sahane case’ in which the decision of Mandal commissions recommendations was challenged in the Supreme court of India.
2. The Constitution of India vests the executive power of the Union formally in the President. Consider the following statements.
1. The President is elected indirectly by all the members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and State Assembly .
2. This election takes place in accordance with the List system.
3. The Prime Minister is not obliged to furnish the information the President may call for.
Which of these statements are not correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
Exp: Statement 1 is incorrect: The President is elected by elected MLAs and MPs and not by nominated members of the parliament. The nominated members take part in the impeachment process of the president.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Principle of proportional representation with single transferable vote.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The Prime Minister is obliged to furnish the information, the President may call for under Article 78.
3. Consider the following Fundamental Rights is/are available to citizens only and not foreigners
- Equality before Law
- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
- Right to education
- Protection of language, script and culture of minorities
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
a) 1 only
b) 3 and 4 only
c) 2 and 4 only
d) 2 and 3 only
Exp: Fundamental Rights Available Only to Citizens of India:
Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Article 19- Protection of six rights related to freedom- (a) of speech and expression, (b) to assemble peaceably and without arms, (c) to form associations or unions, (d) to move freely throughout the territory of India, (e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India, and (f) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
Article 29- Protection of language, script and culture of minorities.
Article 30-Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
4. Consider the incorrect statement with reference to constitutional provisions concerning citizenship,
a) A person is not deemed an Indian citizen if he/she voluntarily acquires citizenship of a foreign state.
b) Citizenship of any person may be revoked subject to laws made by the Parliament.
c) Citizenship comes under the Union List given under the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution.
d) The Constitution prescribes citizenship based on birth, descent, registration, naturalisation, etc.
Exp: The Constitution deals with citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II. However, it contains neither any permanent nor any elaborate provisions in this regard. It only identifies the persons who became citizens of India at its commencement (i.e. on January 26, 1950). It does not deal with the problem of acquisition or loss of citizenship subsequent to its commencement. It empowers the Parliament to enact a law to provide for such matters and any other matter relating to citizenship.
The other constitutional provisions with respect to citizenship are as follows:
No person shall be a citizen of India or be deemed to be a citizen of India, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign state (Article 9).
Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India shall continue to be such citizen, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament (Article 10).
The Parliament shall have the power to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship (Article 11).
5. Consider the following statements regarding an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)
1. An OCI is a citizen of another country.
2. An OCI possesses a multiple-entry long-term visa for visiting India.
3. An OCI is at par with NRIs in all matters.
4. An OCI is not entitled to the fundamental right to equality of opportunity in public
Which of the above-mentioned statement/s is/are correct?
a) 1, 2 and 3 only
b) 1, 2 and 4 only
c) 1, 3 and 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Exp: Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) refers to all the Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) who are citizens of another country but were citizens of India on 26th January 1950 or thereafter or were eligible to become citizens of India on 26th January 1950 except who is or had been a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh or such other country as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify. Hence statement 1 is correct.
OCI status is not citizenship and does not grant the right to vote in Indian elections or hold public office. Hence statement 4 is correct.
A registered Overseas Citizen of India enjoys the following benefits:
● he/she is granted multiple entries, multi-purpose, life-long visa for visiting India, Hence statement 2 is correct.
● he/she is exempted from registration with Foreign Regional Registration Officer or Foreign Registration Officer for any length of stay in India, and
● is entitled to general 'parity with Non-Resident Indians in respect of all facilities available to them in economic, financial and educational fields except in matters relating to the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties'.
However, OCI is not at par with NRIs in all other matters. Hence statement 3 is not correct
and statement 4 is correct.
6. Three Statements followed by three Conclusions are given below. You have to take the Statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from the commonly known facts. Read all Conclusions and then decide which of the given Conclusion(s) logically follows/follow from the Statement, disregarding the commonly known facts
- No police officer is a doctor.
- Some doctors are specialists.
- All engineers are doctors.
I. Some engineers are police officers.
II. No engineer is a police officer.
III. Some doctors are engineers.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
a) II and III
b) I and III
c) I and II
d) None of the above
Only conclusion II and III follow.
I. Some engineers are police officers → False (As All engineers are doctors and No police officer is a doctor so, Some engineers are police officers is false)
II. No engineer is a police officer → True (As All engineers are doctors and No police officer is a doctor so, No engineer is a police officer is true)
III. Some doctors are engineers → True (As All engineers are doctors so, Some doctors are engineers is true)
Here, Conclusions II and III are true.
Hence, the correct answer is "Only conclusions II and III follow".
7. In a class, Rakesh got the 15th rank and he was 43rd from the bottom of the boys passed.
Five boys did not take the examination and two failed. What is the total strength of the class?
Rakesh’s rank from top = 15
Rakesh’s rank from bottom = 43
Total students = (15 + 43) – 1 = 57
No. of students who did not take the exam = 5
No. of students who failed = 2
Total strength = 57+5+2 = 64
Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.