Prelims Daily MCQs - Modern Indian History (23 March)

1. In context to Modern Indian history, what was the Mahad satyagraha about?

a. Protest against forced conversions into Hinduism in the guise of ‘Shudhikaran’

b. Challenge to the regressive customs of the caste Hindus

c. Indefinite strike against rise in local taxes from peasants

d. None of the above

Answer: b


Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar led the Mahad Satyagraha in March 1927 to challenge the regressive customs of the caste Hindus. He stressed the necessity of removing ideas of ‘high’ and ‘low’ and inculcating self-elevation through self-help, self-respect and self-knowledge. He led a procession of some 2,500 ‘untouchables’ through the town of Mahad to the Chawdar tank, a public source of water from which the untouchables were not allowed to draw water. Dr Ambedkar took water from the tank and drank it. There were huge protests by caste Hindus.

2. Gandhiji was the editor of three English weeklies, these included

  1. Indian Opinion
  2. Harijan
  3. Heritage India
  4. Navjivan

Select the correct answer code:

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 2 and 4 only

c. 1 and 4 only

d. 2 and 3 only

Answer: a


These were Indian Opinion (in South Africa during 1903-1915), Young India (1919-1931), and Harijan (1933-1942 and 1946-January 1948).

3. Whitley Commission established in British India was mandated to report on

a. Financial reforms needed in British administration

b. Police and military reforms needed in the wake of the 1857 mutiny

c. Trade and commerce within the princely states

d. Existing conditions of labour and to make recommendations

Answer: d


The Royal Commission on Labour or the Whitley Commission on Labour was set up in 1929 to inquire into the existing conditions of labour in industrial undertakings and plantations in India. The Commission was chaired by John Henry Whitley. The commission submitted its report in 1931. The report surprised many by concurring with the criticisms of Mahatma Gandhi and others that poverty was the cause of India’s social and industrial problems. It was also critical of British employers’ role in perpetuating the problems.

4. Consider the following regarding the Revolt of 1857.

  1. It was during the reign of Governor General Canning.
  2. Mangal Pandey led the Mutiny.
  3. It started from Delhi.
  4. The mutiny did not spread to South India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 1 and 3 only

c. 2 and 3 only

d. 1 and 4 only

Answer: d


Statement 1 and 4 are correct .Statement 2, 3 are incorrect.

  • The revolt of 1857 was held during the reign of Governor General Lord Canning. (statement 1 is correct)
  • The immediate cause of the revolt of 1857 was that Mangal Pandey killed two British officers on parade at Barrackpore.
  • This revolt spread in Lucknow, Ambala and Meerut cantonments. On May 10, 1857 soldiers at Meerut refused to touch the new Enfield rifle cartridges. The soldiers, along with another group of civilians, went on rampage.
  • They marched to Delhi, seized the city and proclaimed Bahadur Shah Zafar as the emperor of India. Due to the lack of unity and organisation this revolt failed.

5. In the Federation established by The Government of India Act of 1935, residuary powers were given to the

a. Federal Legislature

b. Governor General

c. Provincial Legislature

d. Provincial Governors

Answer: b


The residuary powers were not allocated either to the Federation or to the Provinces but was under Section 105 of the Government of India, 1935, reserved to be allocated by the Governor ­General in his discretion to the Federation or to the Provinces.

Solve Q.6 and 7 based on following passage:

A recession is a macroeconomic term that refers to a significant decline in general economic activity in a designated region. It is typically recognized after two consecutive quarters of economic decline, as reflected by GDP in conjunction with monthly indicators like employment. Committee of experts, who determines the peak and subsequent trough of the business cycle, which demonstrates the recession, normally declares recessions. There is no single way to predict how and when a recession will occur. Aside from two consecutive quarters of GDP decline, economists assess several metrics to determine whether a recession is imminent or already taking place. According to many economists, there are some generally accepted predictors that when they occur together may point to a possible recession. Recession is a normal, albeit unpleasant, part of the business cycle. A rash of business failures and often bank failures characterizes recessions, slow or negative growth in production, and elevated unemployment. The economic pain caused by recessions, though temporary, can have major effects that alter an economy. This can occur due to structural shifts in the economy as vulnerable or obsolete firms, industries, or technologies fail and are swept away; dramatic policy responses by government and monetary authorities, which can literally rewrite the rules for businesses; or social and political upheaval resulting from widespread unemployment and economic distress.

6. What is the main idea that we can infer from the above passage?

a. Recession is a macroeconomic phenomenon whose effects are limited to the economy only.

b. Social, political and economic upheaval are both cause and effect of recession.

c. There is only one way to predict inflation that is monitoring the business cycle.

d. None of the above.

7. On the basis of above passage following assumption can be made-

  1. Recession is a significant decline in general economic activity. Other than business cycle monitoring there is no generally accepted predictor for it.
  2. Recession is an unusual part of the business cycle which rarely occurs.

Which of the above assumptions is/are valid?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2


6. b

7. d

Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.

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