Previse 2024: Defence Procurements

Previse 2024: Defence Procurements

Defence Procurements | Important for Prelims 2024

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Securing India's vast borders and asserting its strategic interests in the Indo-Pacific region requires a well-equipped and modernized defence force.

This year's UPSC Prelims is likely to focus on recent developments in defence acquisitions that reflect India's evolving security priorities.

This article highlights a few key defence items that were procured and have been in the news. It is crucial for aspirants appearing in the 2024 UPSC prelims.

Pralay Missile 


150-500 km Short-Range Surface-to-surface Missile by DRDO.

  • Pralay is a canister-based tactical, surface-to-surface, short-range ballistic missile.
  • It is a part of the Prahaar missile program.
  • With an ability of striking 150 to 500 kilometers far, Pralay is the longest-range surface-to-surface missile with the Indian Armylongest-range surface-to-surface missile, capable of striking 150 to 500 kilometers far.
  • It is a quasi-ballistic trajectory based solid propellant rocket-powered missile.



Previously known as Rustom-II, it is an indigenously developed Medium Altitude Long-Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.

  • It can operate at altitudes of up to 28,000 feet with endurance of over 18 hours.
  • The maximum speed is 225 kmph and maximum payload it can carry is 350 kgs.
  • It is capable of fulfilling the army's Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Tracking, and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) requirements.

Spike NLOS


The 6th Generation lightweight, fire-and-forget tactical precision-guided Spike Non Line of Sight (NLOS) Anti-tank Guided Missile from Israel will be integrated with Russian Mi-17V5 helicopters.

  • It is a fire-and-forget anti-tank missile with a high-explosive warhead.
  • Its variants include man-portable, vehicle-launched, and helicopter-launched and can hit targets from distances of up to 30 km
  • Reliance on electro-optical seeker for clear vision of targets makes it effective unlike traditional missiles reliant on radar or infrared guidance.

MQ 9B Reaper


It can fly over the horizon for real-time situational awareness and has maritime intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.

  • MQ 9B has two variants, the SkyGuardian and SeaGuardian.
  • The drone can operate at over 40,000 feet giving advantage in the high-altitude Himalayan border areas.
  • These drones have advanced features like automatic take-off and landing, anti-spoofing GPS and encrypted communication links.

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Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter


It is for both civil and military roles developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

  • The major variants of Dhruv are classified as Dhruv Mk-I, Mk-II, Mk-III & Mk-IV.
  • It was exported to countries like Bolivia, Myanmar, Israel, Maldives, and Nepal.
  • Dhruv Mk-IV is also called ALH Rudra and can carry air-to-air missiles.
  • Radar and missile detectors, infrared jammers and chaff and flare dispensers are some of its countermeasures.

Light Combat Helicopter Prachand


It is a multi-role combat helicopter designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.

  • It is India’s first indigenous multi-role combat helicopter specializing in deserts and mountain operations.
  • It can fly at a maximum speed of 288 kmph with activities like Combat Search and Rescue, operations against Remotely Piloted Aircraft and high-altitude bunker busting operations.
  • It will be equipped with Helina missiles, the air force version of which is called Dhruvastra.
  • The helicopter is equipped with new-generation Shakti engine and is the only helicopter with capability to operate at altitudes above 6,000 meters while carrying a substantial payload.

INS Imphal


It is the third of four indigenous Visakhapatnam class stealth-guided missile destroyers under Project 15-Bravo.

  • INS Imphal or the Pennant D68 is the third ship of the Visakhapatnam class stealth-guided missile destroyers.
  • The ship is equipped to fight Nuclear, Biological and Chemical warfare.
  • Armaments include Barak-8 surface-to-air missiles, BrahMos surface-to-surface cruise missiles, torpedo launchers and anti-submarine rocket launchers.

After the success of Kolkata class (Project 15A), the 15B (Visakhapatnam Class) has four warships: Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Imphal, and Surat.



It is the first of its kind Autonomous Underwater Vehicle by India for mine detection.

  • Neerakshi means “Eyes in the Water”.
  • Its functions include mine detection, mine disposal and underwater survey.
  • With an endurance of around 4 hours, it is capable of operating up to a depth of 300m.



It is an indigenous ship-launched anti-submarine torpedo.

  • It is an electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting stealth submarines in deep and shallow waters.
  • The torpedo’s guidance system uses active-passive acoustics, wire guidance and GPS/NavIC satellite guidance.
  • The conformal array transducers installed in it allows for a wide angle view than other torpedoes.
  • It can be fired from all Anti-submarine warfare ships.  

Project Sanjay


The Indian army under ‘Project Sanjay’ is working on creating multiple battlefield surveillance centres

  • The aim is to have a future-ready, technology-driven, lethal and agile force.
  • It is the ability to obtain real or near-real time all time pictures of battle areas.
  • It is multi-pronged and includes human intelligence, technology-related imagery intelligence and communication intelligence.
  • It helps detect changes for pre-emptive action.
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