Q1. (a) “The simplest act of kindness are by far more powerful than a thousand heads bowing in prayer.” – Mahatma Gandhi (10)
(b) To awaken the people, it is the women who must be awakened. Once she is on the move, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves. – Jawahar Lal Nehru (10)
(c) Do not hate anybody, because that hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle. – Swami Vivekananda (10)
Q3. (a) “The simplest act of kindness are by far more powerful than a thousand heads bowing in prayer.” – Mahatma Gandhi 10
- Summarize your understanding of the above quote- For eg: Gandhi Ji’s quote underscores the power of actions rooted in kindness. Acts of goodwill, support, and empathy can transform lives and communities, demonstrating the real impact of our actions on others
- Kindness means the quality of being kind; a kind act
Kindness is powerful because-
- Acts of kindness manifest as tangible improvements in people's lives. for eg: providing food to the hungry, offering a helping hand, or simply listening to someone in need
- Kindness can act as a universal language as regardless of one's beliefs, kindness is a language that everyone understands and appreciates. for eg: Every religion teaches kindness and helping others.
- Kindness can help to build stronger, more harmonious communities
- Better work environment for eg: Dr Kalam- When his team worker could not take his kids to an exhibition because of hectic work, Kalam did!
- Makes world more happier for eg: Sindhutai Sapkal adopted more than 1,000 orphan children
- Sense of belonging and satisfaction: “The best way of finding yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.’’ - Gandhi
- Helps in dealing with adversaries for eg: Pandemic. India’s vaccine maitri was a kind act in international relationship
You can write some points on “importance of heads bowing in prayer.” (Religious/spiritual actions)
- The teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, the Quran, the Bible, and other sacred texts emphasize the value of kindness
- Contemporary relevance like layoffs, climate crisis, disasters in some countries
- Quote- “Kindness can become its own motive. We are made kind by being kind.” — Eric Hoffer.
(b) To awaken the people, it is the women who must be awakened. Once she is on the move, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves. – Jawahar Lal Nehru 10
- You can start with “Nari Shakti” or
- Example of women like President Draupadi Murmu, Shaliza Dhami, Avani Chaturvedi
- Importance of awakening women was highlighted by Jyotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule in 19th century itself.
Women must be awakened because
- Socialization of children: Women(mothers) are first point of contact and give values to the next generation
- They can promote democratic values, stand against evil practices like dowry, domestic violence etc
- Support family income for better education and health of family members
- Women can serve as catalysts for awakening and transformation within society. They act as agents of social change. For eg: SHGs
- Become role models for other girls for eg: Saina Nehwal, Mary Kom
- Contribution into GDP especially in the care economy.
- Political empowerment of women for eg: Indira Gandhi, Pratibha Patil can act as examples for aspiring legislatures
- Representing country at international level for eg: Ruchira Kamboj, Permanent Representative to the UN, Priyanka Chopra
- Contribution to Science Technology Engineering Maths (STEM) for eg Kalpana Chawla, Janaki Ammal, Shakuntala Devi
- Example based for eg: entrepreneurs like Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Falguni Nayar
- Quote based “If you educate a man, you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a family, a nation”
(c) Do not hate anybody, because that hatred that comes out from you must, in the long run, come back to you. If you love, that love will come back to you, completing the circle.
– Swami Vivekananda 10
- Swami Vivekananda's words align with the concept of karma in Hindu and Buddhist philosophy. Karma teaches that one's actions have consequences, and by choosing love and positivity, individuals can create a cycle of positive energy and outcomes.
Hatred will come back to you
- Nazi Germany of Hitler- His policies of hatred and the Holocaust eventually led to his downfall as the world community and German society reacted against him.
- Hate speech leads to riots and communal violence. This disturbs societal harmony and impacts the people involved in the hate speech.
- Climate angle: Damaging environment leads to adverse consequences like tsunami, cyclones etc
- Terrorism: World unites against terrorism and fights against it. For eg: Talibal, ISIS, etc
- Hatred consumes one’s mental peace and happiness therefore impacting the individual having hateful feeling
Love will come back to you
- Nelson Mandela stood against apartheid but never took revenge despite being in jail.
- Mahatma Gandhi adapted non violence and truth to fight against evil is an epitome reciprocity of action or virtuous cycle of love. His Sarvodaya principle teaches love and compassion.
- India’s approach in international relationship for eg: NAM, standing with small island countries CDRI, Operation Dost
- Individual/Family level- When someone cares for their parents, their children also learn to care for them.
- Summarise the arguments and mention love contributes positively whereas hatred brings tension and disharmony in life.