5 Frameworks to expand UPSC Essays

UPSC Mains

Including Philosophical Essays in UPSC Mains


Table of contents

1. Expanding Dimensions

PESTEL- EC

Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, Legal, Ethical, Cultural (Health, Education, Employment)

Eg. Causes of poverty - think from above dimensions. You'll be able to generate a lot of points

2. Give arguments from the perspective of

  1. Women
  2. Weaker sections
  3. Children
  4. Disabled
  5. Old aged
  6. LGBTQ etc.

This appraoch will help you generate unique points. Eg. If you are writing an essay on Education and you add a perspective about eduction of LGBTQ community - your essay will be certainly one of very few candidates exploring this dimension!

3. Macro to micro

Global - National - regional - Local - individual

4. Temporal variation

Past - Present - Future

Analyse the changes in issues/situations etc. from time to time

5. Give issues at

Home, Public spaces, Workplace, etc.

6. Womb to tomb approach - Craddle to Grave -

Issues faced from birth to death.

Eg. Issues faced by women - as fetus, child, teenager, young adult, adult, old aged etc.


Thousands of aspirants face issue in Essay writing, here is a solution -


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