Prelims Daily MCQs - Geography (15 April)

1. Consider the following factors causing variation in insolation.

  1. Transparency of the atmosphere
  2. The length of the day.
  3. The angle of inclination of the Sun’s rays.

Which of these factors are responsible for such variations?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) 1 and 2 only

Ans: c

Exp: Insolation is the amount of incoming solar radiation received by the Earth. The intensity of insolation varies according to the day, season and year and there are many factors responsible for these variations. Some of them are rotation of the Earth, length of the day, transparency of the atmosphere, angle of inclination of the Sun’s rays and configuration of land. Thus all three statements are correct.

2.  Consider the following statements.

  1. Isohyets are imaginary lines joining places with similar rainfall.
  2. The isotherms are generally parallel to the latitude.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c

Exp: Statement 1 is correct. An isohyet is a line drawn on a map connecting points with the same amount of precipitation during a particular period. It literally translates into equal rainfall and is also called isohyetal line.

Statement 2 is correct. Temperature varies from place to place but it is found that many places along a certain latitude experience similar temperature which makes isotherms parallel to the latitudes.

3. Arrange the following capital cities of the states of India from north to south:

  1. Hyderabad
  2. Ranchi
  3. Raipur
  4. Kohima

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 3-2-4-1

b) 3-2-1-4

c) 2-3-1-4

d) 4-2-3-1

Ans: d

Exp: Kohima: It is the capital city of India's northeastern state of Nagaland. With a resident population of almost 100,000, it is the second largest city in the state. Originally known as Kewhira, Kohima was founded in 1878 when the British Empire established its headquarters in the then Naga Hills District of Assam Province.

Ranchi: It is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement, which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, western West Bengal and the eastern area of what is present-day Chhattisgarh. The Jharkhand state was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas.

Raipur: It is the capital city of Chhattisgarh state in central India. In the centre, the ancient Dudhadhari Math temple is a sacred monument dedicated to Lord Rama, decorated with scenes from the epic poem “Ramayana.”

Hyderabad: It is the capital of southern India's Telangana state. A major centre for the technology industry, it's home to many upscale restaurants and shops. Its historic sites include Golconda Fort, a former diamond-trading centre that was once the Qutab Shahi dynasty. Capital.

4.  Consider the following reasons to make ' Temperate Grasslands' as “Granaries of the world”

  1. Cool and moist climate during the spring season helps in the growth of wheat.
  2. Warm and sunny summers are advantageous during the harvesting period.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c

Exp: Statement 1 is correct : The temperate grasslands are ideal for extensive wheat cultivation. Here winter wheat is grown and in the months of spring, the climate is cool and moist, which helps in the early growth of wheat. The light showers in the ripening period i.e at the beginning of summer months from conventional sources, help to swell the grains to ensure a good yield. They were the main producers due to the mild temperature, moderate rainfall and fertile and humid soil in these regions.

Statement 2 is correct : The warm and sunny summer is advantageous for harvesting and also enables the straw to be dried for farm use. In addition to this, the levelness of the Steppes and other temperate grasslands all over the world along with the widespread black earth soil makes mechanised ploughing and harvesting a comparatively easy job. E.g., The main

5. Which of the following is/are correct with respect to river Godavari?

  1. The Godavari is India's largest peninsular river.
  2. The Godavari originates in the Western Ghats of central India near Trimbakeshwar in Maharashtra.
  3. Indravati National Park and Pench National Park are located in the basin of Godavari.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2

c) 1 and 3

d) 2 and 3

Ans: b

6. M is in the West of N, which is in the North of P. If Q is in the East of P, then in which direction of M, is Q?

a) North

b) South

c) North West

d) South East

Ans: d


7. The minimum number of colours required to paint all the sides of a cube that no two adjacent faces may have the same colour is:

a) 3

b) 4

c) 5

d) 6

Ans: a

Exp: Any face of a cube is adjacent to four other faces.

Opposite faces can have same colour.

Since, there are six faces in a cube, the minimum number of colours required is 3.

Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.

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