Prelims Daily MCQs - Modern Indian History (25 March)

1. Consider the following statements

  1. The first Battle of Panipat in 1526 was between Babur and Hemu.
  2. The Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 was between Akbar and Ibrahim Lodi.
  3. The Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 was between the Marathas and Ahmad Shah Abdali.

Which among the above statement(s) is/ are true?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. 3 only

d. 1 and 2 only

Answer: c


Only option 3 is correct.

  • The 1st Battle of Panipat in 1526 was between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi. The result of the battle laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire by ending the rule of the Delhi Sultanate.
  • The 2nd Battle of Panipat in 1556 was between Akbar and Hemu; it decided in favour of the continuation of the Mughal rule.
  • The 3rd Battle of Panipat in 1761 between the Marathas and Ahmad Shah Abdali put an end to the Maratha ambition of ruling over India.

2. Consider the following statements about Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar:

  1. He started a movement in support of widow remarriage which resulted in legislation of widow remarriage being passed by the British government.
  2. He founded the Bethune School exclusively for providing English education to women.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: a


  • In 1850, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar became the principal of Sanskrit College. He was determined to break the priestly monopoly of scriptural knowledge, and for this he opened the Sanskrit College to non-brahmins. He introduced Western thought in Sanskrit College to break the self-imposed isolation of Sanskritic learning. As an academician, he evolved a new methodology to teach Sanskrit. He also devised a new Bengali primer and evolved a new prose style.
  • Pt. Vidyasagar started a movement in support of widow remarriage which resulted in legislation of widow remarriage.
  • He was also a crusader against child marriage and polygamy. He did much for the cause of women’s education. As government inspector of schools, he helped organise thirty-five girls’ schools many of which he ran at his own expense. As secretary of Bethune School (established in 1849), he was one of the pioneers of higher education for women in India.
  • Bethune school was founded by John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune. (So, option 2 is incorrect)

3. What was the objective of the Azamgarh Proclamation of 1857?

a. It offered a peace plan between zamindars and Indian rebels.

b. It laid down the manifesto for the rebels.

c. It served as an ultimatum to rebel sepoys to surrender.

d. It called upon the princely states to support the Indian rebels.

Answer: b


Azamgarh Proclamation (Azamgarh Ishtahār) was issued during the revolt of 1857. It was issued (most probably) by Firoz Shah, a grandson of the Mughal Emperor who fought in Awadh, and aims to set out a manifesto for what the rebels were fighting for.

4. In 1920,  which  of  the  following  changed  its  name  to  “Swarajya Sabha”?

a. All India  Home  Rule  League

b. Hindu  Mahasabha

c. South Indian Liberal Federation

d. The Servants of India Society

Answer: a


“All India Home Rule League” is the name which was changed to “Swarajya Sabha” in 1920. The “Swarajya Sabha” was under the leadership of the Freedom Fighters like Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

5. Consider the following statements regarding Government of India Act 1858.

  1. The Board of Control and Council of Directors were abolished.
  2. Proportion of Britishers in the Bengal Army was reduced.
  3. The Governor General was designated as Viceroy.

Identify the correct statement(s).

a. 1 and 3 only

b. 1 and 2 only

c. 1, 2 and 3

d. 2 and 3 only

Answer: a


Statement 2 is wrong: Proportion of Britishers in Bengal Army was increased, and a ratio of 1:2::Britisher:Indian was maintained post 1857 as Bengal Army was actively involved in the revolt of 1857. Other divisions of the Army had a higher proportion of Indians.

6. Pointing to a man in the photograph, a woman said, "He is the son of the only son of my grandfather." How is the man in the photograph related to that woman?

a. Grandfather

b. Father

c. Brother

d. Son in law

Answer: c

7. Here are some words translated from an artificial language.

  1. dionot means oak tree
  2. blyonot means oak leaf
  3. blycrin means maple leaf

Which word could mean "maple syrup"?

a. Blymuth

b. Patricrin

c. Hupponot

d. diocrin

Answer: b. patricrin

Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.

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