Prelims Daily MCQs - Modern Indian History (20 March)

1. Which of the following kingdoms/states were annexed by applying the Doctrine of Lapse during the reign of Lord Dalhousie?

  1. Udaipur
  2. Jhansi
  3. Sambalpur
  4. Nagpur

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a. 1, 2 and 3 only

b. 2, 3 and 4 only

c. 1 and 4 only

d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: d


All the options are correct: The Doctrine of Lapse stated that the adopted son could be the heir to his foster father‘s private property, but not the state; it was for the paramount power (the British) to decide whether to bestow the state on the adopted son or to annex it.

The most important of these annexed states were Satara (1848), Udaipur (1852), Nagpur (1853), and Jhansi (1854). The other small states included Jaitpur (Bundelkhand), Sambalpur (Orissa), and Baghat (Madhya Pradesh).

2. Who among the following is associated with ‘Songs from Prison’, a translation of ancient Indian religious lyrics in English?

a. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

b. Jawaharlal Nehru

c. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

d. Sarojini Naidu

Answer: c


‘Songs from Prison’ was a translation from Sanskrit hymns and lyrics, from the Upanishads and other scriptures.

Mahatma Gandhi made these translations during his prison time in Yerwada Prison in 1930.

The other editor was John S Hoyland.

3. Arrange the following in their chronological sequence, starting from the earliest:

  1. Cripps Mission
  2. Montague Chelmsford Report
  3. Simon Commission

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

a. 3-1-2

b. 2-3-1

c. 3-1-2

d. 1-3-2

Answer: b


Option (b) is correct:

  • The Government of India Act 1919 was based on the Montague Chelmsford Report published in 1918.
  • In 1928, the Simon Commission was appointed to investigate the potential of further constitutional advancement. Indians boycotted the commission since no Indians were represented.
  • The Cripps mission, led by Stafford Cripps, was sent to India in March 1942 with constitutional suggestions in order to enlist Indian support for the war effort.

4. The immediate cause of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 was:

a. Transferring control of East India Company.

b. Britishers’ exploitation of Indians.

c. Inequality between Indian and British soldiers.

d. The greased cartridges supplied to the soldiers for the New Enfield Rifles.

Answer: d

Explanation: The introduction of greased cartridges that were given to the soldiers for their New Enfield Rifles was the direct and immediate cause of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Hence option (d) is correct.

5. Consider the following statements with respect to the ‘Quit India’ Resolution:

  1. It was Proposed by Mahatma Gandhi and seconded by Sardar Patel.
  2. It was ratified by the All India Congress Committee meeting in Wardha.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: d

Explanation: Both the statements are incorrect:

  • The ‘Quit India’ resolution was Proposed by Jawaharlal Nehru and seconded by Sardar Patel.
  • The Quit India Resolution was ratified at the Congress meeting at Gowalia Tank, Bombay, on August 8, 1942.

6. The metaverse is still being defined, both literally and figuratively. Yet its potential to unleash the next wave of digital disruption seems increasingly clear, with real-life benefits already emerging for early adopting users and companies. As we saw in previous shifts in technology such as the emergence of the internet followed by social media, mobile, and cloud, novel strategies can quickly become table stakes. The metaverse has the potential to impact everything from employee engagement to the customer experience, omnichannel sales and marketing, product innovation, and community building. Examining its potential effect should be part of strategy discussions, with leaders accelerating their analysis of how the metaverse could drive a very different world within the next decade.

Q. What are the most plausible/rationale implications of the above given passage?

  1. The application of technology can herald inclusivity in the space of education.
  2. Metaverse is a multifaceted tool that should be applied in Governance delivery initiatives.
  3. The government should look at measures to make the metaverse more accessible.
  4. Digital disruptions bring along with it several social upheavals and inequalities.
  5. The metaverse has the potential to enhance the experience of its users across different sectors.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 4 and 5

(b) 2, 3, 4, 5

(c) 2 and 5

(d) Only 5

Answer: c) 2 and 5

7. If the number 653ab is divisible by 90, then (a + b) = ?

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 6

Answer: c


90  = 10 x 9

Clearly, 653ab is divisible by 10, so b = 0

Now, 653a0 is divisible by 9.

So, (6 + 5 + 3 + a + 0) = (14 + a) is divisible by 9. So, a = 4.

Hence, (a + b) = (4 + 0) = 4.

Cover the entire CSAT syllabus in 70 hours.

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